Military Explorer Post #9044

Private E-2 Training Sheet


All cadets who join the Military Explorer program are given the rank of Private E-1. The following tasks are to be completed to obtain the rank of Private E-2. When you are ready to be tested over the skills, inform your squad leader.

Tasks to be completed

1. Memorize your name and rank 6. Be able to perform facing movements
2. Know how to tell military time 7. Memorize the military phonetic alphabet
3. Memorize your chain of command 8. Memorize your general orders
4. Memorize the Army Values 9. Pass a PT test at 40%: push-ups, sit-ups, and run
5. Memorize the military rank structure 10. Attend a minimum of one field training exercise (FTX)


You must have a full BDU uniform before a test date can be set. The uniform consists of BDU blouse, BDU trousers, BDU cover, brown t-shirt, black boots, and all patches correctly applied to uniform.

Levels of Army Organization

  1. Squad
  2. Platoon
  3. Company
  4. Battalion
  5. Brigade
  6. Division
  7. Corps
  8. Theater

Military Time

The U.S. Military tells time by using the numbers 0 to 24, which represents 24 hours in a day. A day begins at one minute after midnight and ends at midnight the same day. For example, 8 minutes after midnight (12:08 a.m. civilian time) is written in military time as 0008 hours (spoken as zero zero zero eight hours). For the morning hours up to and including 12:00 p.m. (noon), the hours are the same as civilian hours; however they are written and spoken differently. 7:00 a.m. civilian time would be written as 0700 hours and spoken as zero seven hundred hours. For the hours after 12:00 p.m. (noon) up to 11:59 p.m., military time is converted by adding 12 to the civilian hour. For example, if the civilian time is 6:53 p.m., the civilian hour is 6, add 12 to 6. So, the military time in this case would be written at 1853 hours (eighteen fifty three hours). Refer to the chart below for more assistance.

Civilian Time Military Time Civilian Time Military Time Civilian Time Military Time Civilian Time Military Time
12:00 AM(midnight)2400 hours12:01 AM0001 hours12:30 AM0030 hours12:00 PM(noon)1200 hours
1:00 AM0100 hours1:00 PM1300 hours2:00 AM0200 hours2:00 PM1400 hours
3:00 AM0300 hours3:00 PM1500 hours4:00 AM0400 hours4:00 PM1600 hours
5:00 AM0500 hours5:00 PM1700 hours6:00 AM0600 hours6:00 PM1800 hours
7:00 AM0700 hours7:00 PM1900 hours8:00 AM0800 hours8:00 PM2000 hours
9:00 AM0900 hours9:00 PM2100 hours10:00 AM1000 hours10:00 PM2200 hours
11:00 AM1100 hours11:00 PM2300 hours    

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Chain of Command

Your chain of command has a responsibility for your training, discipline and overall welfare. It includes the non-commissioned officer directly over you, as well as other officers from your company.

My Cadet Chain of Command
Cadet First Sergeant:
Cadet Platoon Leader:
Cadet Platoon Sergeant:
Cadet Squad Leader:
My Adult Chain of Command
Company Commander:
Executive Officer:
Supply Officer:
Training Officer:
Administrative/Technical Officer:

Chain of Command Additional Facts
Explain the Chain of CommandThe succession of commanders superior to subordinates through which command is exercised.
What are the key elements of command?Authority and responsibility
How does the Chain of Command support the NCO support channel?By legally punishing those who challenge a sergeant's authority
What is the role of the Command Sergeant Major?Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Commander
NCO Support Channel
What is the NOC Support Channel?It is the channel of communication that reinforces the Chain of Command.
When was the NCO Support Channel formally recognized?20 December 1976
What is a sergeant?A leader
What is Sergeant's Business?To train and lead soldiers
When was the position of Sergeant Major of the Army established?4 July 1966

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Army Values

Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, and Personal Courage mean. But how often do you see someone actually live up to them? Soldiers learn these values in detail during Basic Combat Training (BCT), from then on they live them every day in everything they do — whether they’re on the job or off. In short, the Army Values listed below are what being a soldier is all about.



Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. Constitution, the Army, your unit and other Soldiers. Bearing true faith and allegiance is a matter of believing in and devoting yourself to something or someone. A loyal Soldier is one who supports the leadership and stands up for fellow Soldiers. By wearing the uniform of the U.S. Army you are expressing your loyalty. And by doing your share, you show your loyalty to your unit.


Fulfill your obligations. Doing your duty means more than carrying out your assigned tasks. Duty means being able to accomplish tasks as part of a team. The work of the U.S. Army is a complex combination of missions, tasks and responsibilities — all in constant motion. Our work entails building one assignment onto another. You fulfill your obligations as a part of your unit every time you resist the temptation to take “shortcuts” that might undermine the integrity of the final product.


Treat people as they should be treated. In the Soldier’s Code, we pledge to “treat others with dignity and respect while expecting others to do the same.” Respect is what allows us to appreciate the best in other people. Respect is trusting that all people have done their jobs and fulfilled their duty. And self-respect is a vital ingredient with the Army value of respect, which results from knowing you have put forth your best effort. The Army is one team and each of us has something to contribute.

Selfless Service

Put the welfare of the nation, the Army and your subordinates before your own. Selfless service is larger than just one person. In serving your country, you are doing your duty loyally without thought of recognition or gain. The basic building block of selfless service is the commitment of each team member to go a little further, endure a little longer, and look a little closer to see how he or she can add to the effort.


Live up to Army values. The nation’s highest military award is The Medal of Honor. This award goes to Soldiers who make honor a matter of daily living — Soldiers who develop the habit of being honorable, and solidify that habit with every value choice they make. Honor is a matter of carrying out, acting, and living the values of respect, duty, loyalty, selfless service, integrity and personal courage in everything you do.


Do what’s right, legally and morally. Integrity is a quality you develop by adhering to moral principles. It requires that you do and say nothing that deceives others. As your integrity grows, so does the trust others place in you. The more choices you make based on integrity, the more this highly prized value will affect your relationships with family and friends, and, finally, the fundamental acceptance of yourself.

Personal Courage

Face fear, danger or adversity (physical or moral). Personal courage has long been associated with our Army. With physical courage, it is a matter of enduring physical duress and at times risking personal safety. Facing moral fear or adversity may be a long, slow process of continuing forward on the right path, especially if taking those actions is not popular with others. You can build your personal courage by daily standing up for and acting upon the things that you know are honorable.

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Army Rank and Insignias


Second Lieutenant
Addressed as "Lieutenant". Typically the entry-level rank for most Commissioned Officers. Leads platoon-size elements consisting of the platoon SGT and two or more squads (16 to 44 Soldiers).
First Lieutenant
Addressed as "Lieutenant". A seasoned lieutenant with 18 to 24 months service. Leads more specialized weapons platoons and indirect fire computation centers. As a senior Lieutenant, they are often selected to be the Executive Officer of a company-sized unit (110 to 140 personnel).
Addressed as "Captain". Commands and controls company-sized units (62 to 190 Soldiers), together with a principal NCO assistant. Instructs skills at service schools and The United States Army combat training centers and is often a Staff Officer at the battalion level.
Addressed as "Major". Serves as primary Staff Officer for brigade and task force command regarding personnel, logistical and operational missions.
Lieutenant Colonel
Addressed as "Lieutenant Colonel" or "Colonel". Typically commands battalion-sized units (300 to 1,000 Soldiers), with a CSM as principal NCO assistant. May also be selected for brigade and task force Executive Officer.
Addressed as "Colonel". Typically commands brigade-sized units (3,000 to 5,000 Soldiers), with a CSM as principal NCO assistant. Also found as the chief of divisional-level staff agencies.
Brigadier General
Addressed as "General". Serves as Deputy Commander to the commanding general for Army divisions. Assists in overseeing the staff's planning and coordination of a mission.
Major General
Addressed as "General". Typically commands division-sized units (10,000 to 15,000 Soldiers).
Lieutenant General
Addressed as "General". Typically commands corps-sized units (20,000 to 45,000 Soldiers).
Addressed as "General". The senior level of Commissioned Officer typically has over 30 years of experience and service. Commands all operations that fall within their geographical area. The Chief of Staff of the Army is a four-star General.
General of the Army
This is only used in time of War where the Commanding Officer must be equal or of higher rank than those commanding armies from other nations. The last officers to hold this rank served during and immediately following WWII.

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In general terms these Army ranks are broken down into three groups - Junior Enlisted (E-1 through E4), NCOs (E-4 through E-6) and Senior NCOs (E-7 through E-9).
The term as a military rank seems to come from the Sixteenth Century when individuals had the privilege of enlisting or making private contracts to serve as private soldiers in military units. Before the Sixteenth Century many soldiers were forced (conscripted) into service by royalty or feudal lords. Some sources claim that the use of "private" as an official "rank" dates back to the 18th century when the French Army, under Napoleon, established the permanent rank of Soldat.

Army Junior Enlisted Ranks (E-1 to E-3)
Private, the lowest Army rank, is normally only held by new recruits while at Basic Combat Training (BCT), but the rank is occasionally assigned to soldiers after a disciplinary action has been taken. The Army Private (E-1) wears no uniform insignia.
Private 2nd Class
Private 2nd Class is the first promotion most enlisted Soldiers can earn after completing basic combat training (BCT). The Private's job is to apply the new skills and knowledge learned during basic training and to continue to learn how to follow orders given by higher-ranked supervisors.
Private First Class
Private First Class - the basic workforce strength and rank of the U.S. Army. PFC is the point in which junior enlisted soldiers begin the transition from apprentice to journeyman by developing technical and leadership skills.
Army Non-Commissioned Officers (E-4 to E-6)
Like nearly all the other branches of the Armed Forces, the United States Army consider all ranks E-4 and above to be NCOs. Corporals (E-4) are referred to as junior NCOs, however, they are given the same respect as any other NCO.
The rank of corporal was established in 1775 with the birth of the Army and the NCO Corps. Along with the rank of sergeant, the corporal is the only rank which has never disappeared from the NCO Corps. The rank of corporal has always been placed at the base of the NCO ranks. For the most part, corporals have served as the smallest unit leaders in the Army: principally, leaders of teams.
Like the grade of sergeant, corporals are responsible for individual training, personal appearance and cleanliness of their soldiers. As the command sergeant major is known as the epitome of success in the NCO Corps, the corporal is the beginning of the NCO Corps. As the NCO Corps is known as the backbone of the Army, the corporal is the backbone of the NCO Corps.
Sergeants operate in an environment where the sparks fly - where the axe meets the stone. Although not the lowest level of rank where command is exercised, this level is the first at which enlisted soldiers are referred to as sergeant, and of all the grades of the NCO, this one, very possibly, has the greatest impact on the lower ranking soldiers. Privates, who are the basic manpower strength and grade of the Army, generally have sergeants as their first NCO leader. It is the grade sergeant that the privates will look to for example.
Like the next grade, the staff sergeant, the sergeant is responsible for the individual training, personal appearance and the cleanliness of their soldiers.
The sergeant is also responsible for insuring that
  • Each member of their unit is trained to competency in their MOS as prescribed in the appropriate soldiers manual.
  • All government property issued to members of their unit is properly maintained and accounted for at all times and discrepancies are promptly reported
  • While on duty status, they are to be ready at all times to report to the location and activity of all members of their unit.
  • Their unit is trained to function in its primary mission role.
The authority of the sergeant is equal to that of any other grade or rank of the NCO. Professionally competent leaders inherently command respect for their authority and the sergeant must be unquestionably competent in order to carry out the mission correctly, accomplish each task and care for assigned soldiers.
The rank of sergeant is not a position for learning how to become a leader, no apprenticeship here. While certainly the new sergeant will be developing new skills, strengthening old ones and generally getting better, he is a sergeant!!! AND is therefore, no less a professional than those grades of rank to follow.
Staff Sergeant
The Staff Sergeant rank closely parallels that of the sergeant in duties and responsibilities. In fact, the basic duties and responsibility of all the NCO ranks never change, but there are significant differences between this step in the NCO structure and the preceding one.
The major difference between the staff sergeant and the sergeant is not, as often mistakenly believed, authority, but rather sphere of influence. The staff sergeant is in daily contact with large numbers of soldiers and generally has more equipment and other property to maintain.
The SSG often has one or more sergeants who work under their direct leadership. The SSG is responsible for the continued successful development of sergeants as well as the soldiers in their section, squad or team.
Army Senior Non-Commissioned Officers (E-7 to E-9)
Although the Army does not make the official distinction in the rank structure, enlisted ranks of Sergeant First Class and above (E-7 – E-9) are generally referred to as Senior NCOs and they carry increasing levels of responsibility and demand greater levels of respect and deference. Although there are only three pay grades, the SNCO ranks actually cover six separate ranks or designations – Sergeant First Class (Platoon Sergeant), Master Sergeant, First Sergeant, Sergeant Major, Command Sergeant Major, and the Sergeant Major of the Army.
Sergeant First Class

(Platoon Sergeant)
The SFC is the first level at which the term senior NCO properly applies. The platoon sergeant or sergeant first class generally has 15 to 18 years or more of military experience and is rightfully expected to bring that experience to bear in quick, accurate decisions that are in the best interest of the mission and the soldier.
Depending on experience and billet assignments, the SFC's role may be that of platoon sergeant or NCOIC (NCO in Charge) of the section.
'Platoon Sergeant' is a duty position, not a rank, the platoon sergeant is the primary assistant and advisor to the platoon leader, with the responsibility of training and caring for soldiers. The platoon sergeant takes charge of the platoon in the absence of the platoon leader. Platoon sergeants teach collective and individual tasks to soldiers in their squads, crews or equivalent small units.
The position title of platoon sergeant is considered key in the command structure of the Army. The platoon sergeant generally has several staff sergeants who work under his direct leadership. During the Vietnam era, the platoon sergeant was affectionately referred to as the "Plat-Daddy", and although the term has since faded, the role remains that of the "Father of the Platoon."
Master Sergeant MSG

First Sergeant 1SG

The Master Sergeant's Roles and Responsibilities
The Master Sergeant is the principal NCO at the battalion level, and often higher. Not charged with all the leadership responsibilities of a First Sergeant, but expected to dispatch leadership and other duties with the same professionalism.
The First Sergeant's Roles and Responsibilities
When you are talking about the first sergeant you are talking about the life-blood of the Army. When 1SGs are exceptional, their units are exceptional, regardless of any other single personality involved. Perhaps their rank insignia should be the keystone rather than the traditional one depicted here. It is the first sergeant at whom almost all unit operations merge. The first sergeant holds formations, instructs platoon sergeants, advises the Commander, and assists in training of all enlisted members.
The 1SG may swagger and appear, at times, somewhat of an exhibitionist, but he is not egotistical. The first sergeant is proud of the unit and, understandably, wants others to be aware of his unit's success. The title of address for this grade is not sergeant, but first sergeant! There is a unique relationship of confidence and respect that exists between the first sergeant and the Commander not found at another level within the Army.
Sergeant Major SGM

Command Sergeant Major CSM

The Sergeant Major's Roles and responsibilities
The SGM is the key enlisted member of staff elements at levels higher than battalion. The sergeant major's experience and ability are equal to that of the command sergeant major, but the sphere of influence regarding leadership is generally limited to those directly under his charge.
The Command Sergeant Major's Roles and Responsibilities
Enlisted soldiers who attain the distinction of being selected by the Department of the Army for participation in the command sergeant major program are the epitome of success in their chosen field, in this profession of arms. There is no higher grade of rank, except Sergeant Major of the Army, for enlisted soldiers and there is no greater honor.
The command sergeant major carries out policies and standards of the performance, training, appearance, and conduct of enlisted personnel. The command sergeant major advises and initiates recommendations to the commander and staff in matters pertaining to the local NCO support channel. Perhaps slightly wiser and more experienced than the first sergeant, the CSM is expected to function completely without supervision. Like the old sage of times past, the command sergeant major's counsel is expected to be calm, settled and unequivocally accurate, but with an energy and enthusiasm that never wanes, even in the worst of times.
Assignable to any billet in the Army, the CSM is all those things, and more, of each of the preceding grades of rank
Sergeant Major of the Army
The Sergeant Major of the Army (SMA) is a rank held by only one enlisted Soldier at a time. The holder of this rank is the most senior enlisted member in the Army. The SMA's primary function is to address the issues of enlisted soldiers at the Army's highest levels. The SMA is the senior enlisted advisor to the Army Chief of Staff and is selected based on his (or her) outstanding leadership, extensive experience, and ability to communicate both up and down the Army chain of command. The SMA is giving the highest level of honor and respect of any other enlisted Soldier.
Each SMA's duties are determined by the current Chief of Staff. However, as a rule the SMA serves as the Army hierarchy's eyes and ears keeping the Chief of Staff abreast on virtually any subject that affects enlisted Soldiers and their families. (Information Courtesy of U.S. Army).

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Military Phonetic Alphabet

Letter Pronounciation Letter Pronounciation Letter Pronounciation Letter Pronounciation

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General Orders

1st General Order

I will guard everything within the limits of my post, and quit my post only when properly relieved.

2nd General Order

I will obey my special orders, and perform all my duties in a military manner.

3rd General Order

I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything covered in my instructions to the commander of the relief.

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