Military Explorer Post #9044

Private First Class E-3 Training Sheet


The following tasks are to be completed to obtain the rank of Private First Class. When you are ready to be tested over the skills, inform your squad leader.

Tasks to be completed

1. Know all E-2 skills 5. Know weapons safety
2. Attend Military Explorer Basic Training - Guard Duty 6. Know radio communications
3. Be in prevous grade (E-2) for 4 months 7. Attend a minimum of 3 Field Training Exercises (FTX) since your last promotion
4. Know SALUTE report and how to use it 8. Pass a PT test at 50%: push-ups, sit-ups, and run

E-2 Skills

All cadets seeking advancement to the rank of Private First Class should be familiar with the skills required of an E-2. You will be expected to know these skills at every board of promotion. Have your squad leader test your proficiency over these skills before requesting to be promoted.

E-2 Skills Review

Military Explorer Basic Training

The Explorer Basic Training will be held at least once a year. All cadets will learn their E-2 and E-3 skills during training so that they may advance in rank. The Commandant of Cadets may waive this requirement if they feel the cadet should not wait for Explorer Basic Training due to timing.

Guard Duty

What are the duties of a guard?

They must memorize, understand, and comply with the general orders for guards. In addition, guards must understand and comply with special orders applying to their particular posts, including the use of the countersign and password, if they are in effect.

What are you normally responsible for at your guard post?

Your post and ALL property in view

What are two types of orders a guard may receive?
  1. General Orders
  2. Special Orders
What do special orders define?

Exactly what a guard must do at a particular post

Who is responsible for the instruction, discipline, and performance of the guards?

The commander of the guards

What are two types of guard duty?
  1. Interior Guard
  2. Exterior Guard
Does a guard salute indoors?

Yes, however, no salute is given by a guard who is engaged in a specific duty, the performance of which prevents saluting.

What are the two words that the countersign consists of?

Challenge and Password

At what position do you hold your rifle while challenging?

Port Arms

What is your chain of command as a guard?
  1. Commander of the relief
  2. Sergeant of the guard
  3. Officer of the guard
  4. Field officer of the day (F.O.D.)
  5. Commanding officer at the level responsible for the guard mount

Return to Top

Time in Grade

You must have 4 months time in your previous grade before you can advance to the rank of Private First Class. You must know the date you were promoted to E-2 in order to verify that you have the correct time in grade.

Return to Top


A SALUTE Report is used to transmit information to the receiving authority in size, activity, location, unit, time, equipment, significant terrain and weather conditions through radio or a written message with a messenger within five to ten minutes after the observation.
The SALUTE Report will give the commanding leadership the ability to know what is happening and how to react to the situation. Do not wait until you have completed to transmit some of the information to the command center. Once you spot some information you must make sure everyone on your team knows the information incase you may be split up from your team and not be able to transmit the information.
The SALUTE report format requires brief entries which require the collector to break information down into basic elements: who, what, where, when, why, and how. This allows for efficient reporting via electronic or hardcopy medium. It also allows the analyst to quickly scan multiple reports to find specific information.
The information below provides guidance and is not to be construed as strict requirements. SALUTE reports of combat activity may only contain a word or two in each entry, whereas Intelligence reports tend to include more detail.
TO: Usually the address of the supported S2/G2 (according to unit SOP)
FROM: Your unit or team designation, or your duty position, as appropriate
DTG: The date-time group of when the report is being submitted
Report Number: From local SOP

Letter Word Description
SSize What is the size of the unit or object?
  • Number of personnel
  • Number of vehicles (highway, rail, water, etc.)
  • Number of equipment (tents, weapons, etc.)
Expressed as a quantity, and echelon, or size (e.g., 1 x BDE=Brigade). If multiple echelons are involved in the activity being reported, there can be multiple entries (e.g.,1 x BDE; 2 x BN=Battalion). Non-standard units are reported as such (e.g., bomb-making class; support staff).
AActivity What are they doing?
  • Deploying
  • Redeploying
  • Sustainment activities
  • Training
  • Defense
This line is the focal point of the report and relates to the PIR or important non-PIR information being reported. It should be a concise bullet statement.
LLocation Where are they located?
  • Grid oordinates
  • Airfield
  • Military Base
  • Terrain Association
Generally a grid coordinate, including the 100,000 meter grid zone designator. The entry can also be an address, if appropriate, but still should include an 8-digit grid coordinate. City names will always be followed by the two-character country code. If the activity being reported involves movement (advance, withdrawal, etc.) the location entry will include "From" and "To" entries. The route used will be reported under "Equipment/How".
UUnit/Uniform What unit do they belong to?
  • Company
  • Battalion
  • Brigade
  • Division

What Type of Uniform do they have on?
  • Special Ops Gear
  • Patches
This entry identifies who is performing the activity described in the "Activity/What" entry. Include the complete designation of a military unit, identification of a civilian or insurgent group, or the full name of an individual, as appropriate.
TTime What time of day/night did you observe? For a future event, this is when the activity will initiate. Past events are usually not the subject of SALUTE reports, but if a past event is to be reported, the Time/When entry will generally reflect when the event ended. Ongoing events are reported as such. Reports of composition of forces, morale, and Electronic Technical Data and other non-event topics are reported as ongoing. When reporting on a disposition, the "Time/When" entry is generally the last time the source was at the disposition.
EEquipment What type of equipment did you see?
  • Types of weapons
  • Types of vehicles
  • Types of aircraft
  • Types of gear
The information reported in this entry clarifies, completes, and/or expands upon information reported in any of the previous entries. It includes information concerning equipment involved, tactics used, and any essential elements of information not reported in the previous paragraphs.
Remarks: Use this entry to report the source of the information, whether a person, a CED, open-source media, or other source. Include the date of information and the PIR that the reported information addresses. Map data for coordinates given in the "Location/Where" entry are included, stating map series name, sheet number, scale and edition. If there are enclosures to the SALUTE report, such as sketches, they are annotated here.

Reconnaissance - Reporting Information:

  1. Identify the information concerning the subject activity and significant terrain and weather features including:
  2. Draft message summarizing information in the SALUTE format.
  3. Select a means of communication such as radio or messenger.
  4. Transmit the message to the receiving authority.

Return to Top

Weapons Safety

Weapons Safety is an important part of using weapons. Weapons Safety does not only include rifles and pistols but knives and also E-Tools. If you do not properly use these weapons then they can seriously hurt one of your fellow cadets. You must at all times make sure that first you are using your weapon only at the appropriate times. If it is a pistol or rifle you only use them when your chain of command allows you to, that also means that you must make sure your subordinates only, use them at the appropriate time also. Weapons shall not be tossed around or being used as “toys” because they are not. Weapons such as rifles and pistols shall be left out of sight of any civilians because of the threat that they may cause. You shall have all of your weapons accounted for and have them no further than arms reach from you at all times. When you take a weapon, whether it is a rifle or ETool, you must give the signal that you have control of the weapon by saying “I relieve you of this weapon.” At that command the weapon is release to you and you are accountable for the weapon. For any further questions ask your Platoon Sergeant or Squad Leader.

Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals

What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
  1. Steady postion
  2. Proper sight picture
  3. Breathing
  4. Trigger squeeze
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
  1. Sight alignment
  2. Placement of the aiming point
What is a malfunction?

The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine, or ammunition.

What does the acronym SPORTS stand for? Describe the proper procedure for applying remedial action with the M16/A2
  1. Try to place the weapon on safe
  2. Remove the magazine
  3. Lock the bolt to the rear
  4. Place the weapon on safe (if not already done)
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?

The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.

Rifle Marksmanship Firing Positions

Alternate Prone Firing Position

This position is an alternative to both prone supported and unsupported firing positions. The firer can assume a comfortable position while maintaining the same relationship between his body and the axis of the rifle. This position relaxes the stomach muscles and allows the firer to breathe naturally.

Kneeling Supported Firing Position

This position allows the soldier to obtain the height necessary to observe many target areas, taking advantage of available cover. Solid cover that can support any part of the body or rifle assists in firing accuracy.

Kneeling Unsupported Firing Position

This position is assumed quickly, places the soldier high enough to see over small brush, and provides a stable firing position. The non-firing elbow should be pushed forward of the knee so the upper arm is resting on a flat portion of the knee to provide stability. The trailing foot should be placed in a comfortable position.

Standing Firing Position

To assume the standing firing position, the soldier faces his target, executes a facing movement to his firing side, and spreads his feet a comfortable distance apart. With his firing hand on the pistol grip and his non-firing hand on either the upper handguard or the bottom of the magazine, the soldier places the butt of the rifle in the pocket formed by his firing shoulder so the sights are level with his eyes. The weight of the rifle is supported by the firing shoulder pocket and non-firing hand. The soldier shifts his feet until he is aiming naturally at the target and his weight is evenly distributed on both feet. The standing position provides the least stability but could be needed for observing the target area since it can be assumed quickly while moving. Support for any portion of the body or rifle improves stability. More stability can be obtained by adjusting the ammunition pouch to support the non-firing elbow, allowing the rifle magazine to rest in the non-firing hand.

Modified Supported Firing Position

Once the basic firing skills have been mastered during initial training, the soldier should be encouraged to modify positions, to take advantage of available cover, to use anything that helps to steady the rifle, or to make any change that allows him to hit more combat targets. The modified prone firing position uses sandbags to support the handguard and frees the non-firing hand to be used on any part of the rifle to hold it steady.

Cover, Concealment, and Camouflage

What is Cover?

Physical protection from bullets, gragments of exploding rounds, flame, nuclear effects, and biological and chemical agents.

What are two types of Cover?
  1. Natural (logs, trees, stumps, ravines, hollows)
  2. Man-made (fighting positions, trenches, walls, rubble, craters)
What is Concealment?

Protection from enemy observation

Examples of natural concealment:
  1. Tree limbs
  2. Bushes
  3. Tall grass
  4. Shadows
Examples of natural materials which can be used to camouflage you and your equipment:
  1. Leaves
  2. Bushes
  3. Grass
Where should live foliage be gathered?

As far as possible behind your postition, so the enemy cannot see where it has been taken from.

Return to Top

Radio Communications

Radio Communication is a fast and easy way to relay information to a leader and for them to send information to you quickly and easily. In radio communication you have many different call names for the different leaders or soldiers that are using the radios. On the radio you must still use the chain of command. The chain of command on the radio will help the leaders organize information and plan. Below is a table showing the call signs for each leader in our post. The call sign is A (or Alpha), then the number. The top number is 6, which is Commander. The number moves down to 1 using 6 as the highest position. The Cadet Company Staff uses November (for Nighthawks) and also uses 6 as the highest position moving down to 2. If there is a need for another Company Staff Cadet he/she will be put as N1. Since there are two Platoons we cannot use 6 being top to 1. The Platoon Staff Officers use P (Papa), with the digits fro 1-9. The Platoon Staff NCOs also use P (Papa) but use 11- 19. The Squad Staff (such as the Squad Leaders) use the call signs of S (Sierra). The numbers for them, the first number specifies what Pelt. They are in then the second number signifies the Squad they are leading. For example, S12 would be the 1st Pelt and Squad leader of the 2nd Squad.

Return to Top