The following tasks are to be completed to obtain the rank of Corporal. When you are ready to be tested over the skills, inform your squad leader.
|1. Know all E-2 skills||5. Know fire team and squad tactical formations|
|2. Know all E-3 skills||6. Drill and Ceremony/Customs and Courtesies|
|3. Be in prevous grade (E-3) for 5 months||7. Go on 4 Field Training Exercises (FTX)|
|4. Know land navigation (map reading and compass reading)||8. Pass a PT test at 50%: push-ups, sit-ups, and run|
All cadets seeking advancement to the rank of Corporal should be familiar with the skills required of an E-2 and an E-3. You will be expected to know these skills at every board of promotion. Have your squad leader test your proficiency over these skills before requesting to be promoted.
You must have 5 months time in your previous grade before you can advance to the rank of Corporal. You must know the date you were promoted to E-3 in order to verify that you have the correct time in grade.
Formations are arrangements of elements and soldiers in relation to each other. Squads use formations for control flexibility and security. Leaders choose formations based on their analysis of the factors of METT-T (Mission, Enemy, Terrain, Troops and Time available). In a Fire Team, the fire team leaders are up front. This allows the fire team leader to lead by example and “Follow me and do as I do.” All soldiers in the team must be able to see their team leader. Figure 2-6 compares the different types of formations, helping you to evaluate using METT-T.
The wedge is the basic formation for the fire team. The interval between soldiers in the wedge formation is normally 10 meters but can change due to the METT-T. When rough terrain, poor visibility, or other factors make control of the wedge difficult fire teams can modify the wedge. The wedge is always has an interval so that all members of the fire team can see the team leader and also the team leader can always see the squad leader. The sides of the wedge can come together to make a file formation (or Ranger File). Once the terrain allows the formation to become a wedge formation the team can move directly back into the wedge. There are two fire team wedges in Figure 2-4, it shows the wedges with more firepower on both sides. The direction that you need firepower you put the grenadier and rifleman.
When terrain makes it very difficult to have a wedge formation, the file or “ranger file” formation may be used (Figure 2-5). This formation must always have the team leader in the front so that he again my lead by example. All of the team members must be able to see the team leader but the team leader must be able to see the squad leader.
Squad Formations describe the relationship between fire teams in the squad. They include the squad column and squad line. A comparison of the formations is on Figure 2-10.
The squad column is the squad’s most common formation. It provides good dispersion laterally and in depth without sacrificing control, and facilitates maneuver. The lead fire team is the base fire team. When the squad moves independently or as the rear element of the platoon, the rifleman in the trail fire team provides rear security. (Figure 2-7) The column forms a fire team wedge, squad leader in the middle, then a diamond fire team in the rear. The rear fire team must provide rear security so they are not surprised from the rear.
The squad line provides maximum firepower to the front. When a squad is acting as the base squad, the fire team on the right is the base fire team. (Figure 2-8)
When not traveling in a column or line, squads travel in file. The squad file has the same characteristics as the fire team file. If the squad leader desires to increase his control over the formation, exert greater morale presence by leading from the front, and be immediately available to make key decisions, he will move forward to the point man or second man position. Additional control over the rear of the formation can be provided by moving a team leader to the last position. (Figure 2-9)
FM3-21.5Do you always stand at the position of attention when giving commands?
YESName three types of commands in drill
At Ease, Fall In, RestCan a command be changed after the command of execution has been given?
NOFrom what position are all stationary movements given?
The position of attentionWhat are the four rest positions that can give at the halt?
Your left footWho is responsible for training and appearance of the Color Guard?
The Command Sergeant Major (CSM)
"The Army Goes Rolling Along"Where do you walk when walking with someone senior to you?
On the senior's leftWhen meeting an officer in the open, how far away should you be before rendering the hand salute?
Approximately 6 paces when your paths will bring you close by, or within speaking distance when making eye contact. You should also give the greeting of the day.Who salutes in a group of soldiers not in formation?
The first person to see the officer should call the group to attention and everyone should salute with the exception being a work detail.Can you salute as a prisoner?
No, you have lost the right to salute.Who exits a military vehicle first?
The senior ranking person, then in ascending order by rank.What is the only time you do not remove your headgear when reporting to an officer?
When under arms. Typically, troops are considered "under arms" when they are in uniform, on duty, AND carrying a weapon (rifle, side-arm, or sword) in your hand, by sling or by holster, as opposed to being in uniform, on duty, but not carrying a weapon.
7 red stripes + 6 white stripes = 13 stripesWhat do the colors on the flag represent?
Red - Hardness and Valor
White - Purity and Innocense
Blue - Vigilance, Preservation, and Justice
At half-staff until noon, the from noon until retreat sounds, it is a full staff.How is the American flag raised to the half-staff position?
It is first raised to the top of the staff for an instant, then lowered to half-staff.If a flag is in the half-staff position, how is it lowered?
It is first raised to the top of the staff for a brief moment, then it is lowered.Are the National Colors ever dipped as a salute or a compliment?
Never on land. Only at sea when two friendly ships of war meet.How is the flag draped over a casket?
So the stars are over the left shoulder.When a President (past or present) dies, how long is the flag flow at half-staff?